East Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Timur), is a province of Indonesia. Its territory comprises the eastern portion of Borneo. It has a population of about 3.5 million, and its capital is Samarinda.
East Kalimantan has a total area of 129,066.64 square kilometres (49,832.91 sq mi) and is the second least densely populated province in Kalimantan. The majority of the region shares a maritime border to the east with West Sulawesi and North Sulawesi; its coastline faces the Makassar Strait and the Celebes Sea. Its former northernmost region is now North Kalimantan; to its south, East Kalimantan borders the South Kalimantan province. The province bordered Sabah before the split, but still borders Sarawak.
Balikpapan International Airport is one of the busiest and the primary airport in Indonesia, fields flights from Kuala Lumpur (Air Asia) and Singapore (Silk Air) as well as many Indonesian cities. Syamsudin Noor Airport in Banjarmasin is a regional airport located in South Kalimantan, has a good connection to major cities in Indonesia such as Jakarta, Surabaya,Yogyakarta,Makassar,Denpasar,Balikpapan,Pontianak,etc.
In the north part of Kalimantan, Tarakan is the gateway of Norh Kalimantan, It’s conected flight to other cities in Indonesia and several cities in Malaysian part.
Here is the flight schedule from and to cities within East Kalimantan :
1. Balikpapan (IATA CODE : BPN) Gateaway of East Kalimantan.
Airport Name : Aji Sultan Muhamad Sulaiman – Sepinggan
Tour Destination : Mahakam River Jungle Cruise, Indigenous Orang Utan at Kutai Park, Samboja Lestari Orang Utan,Balikpapan Mangrove, Black river – Proboscis Monkeys, Hanging Bridge, Sunbear Sanctuary, etc.
Flight conection from and to Balikpapan : Garuda Indonesia, Lion Air, Sriwijaya Air, Citilink, Silk Air, Air Asia, Kalstar, Trigana Air.
2. Samarinda (IATA CODE SRI) Gateway of Center side of East Kalimantan
Airport Name : Temindung
Tour Destination : Mahakam River, Kutai Nasional Park, Dayak Village, Mulawarman Museum, Kumala Island, Bontang Koala, Beras Basah Island, and other beach at Muara Badak Village
Flight conection from and to Banjarmasin : Kal Star Aviation
3. Berau (IATA CODE : BEJ) Gateway of North side of East Kalimantan
Airport Name : Kalimarau
Tour Destination : Derawan Island, Maratua Island, Sangalaki & Kakaban Island, etc.
Filght conection from and to Berau : Garuda Indonesia, Lion Air, Sriwijaya Air, Kalstar
Indonesia is all islands and consequently ferries have long been the most popular means of inter-island travel. PELNI giant ferries visit practically every inhabited island in Indonesia on lengthy journeys that can take two weeks from beginning to end. PELNI uses European-built boats, which are large enough to deal with rough seas, but they can still be uncomfortably overcrowded during peak seasons: ferries built for 3,000 have been known to board 7,000.
This means that there are often not enough lifeboats in the event of a sinking and this poses a potential safety hazard. Nevertheless, it can be a worthwhile experience, as foreigners are few and far between Indonesians will be quite curious and chatty. Speaking Indonesian will go a long way. The company operates twenty-six ships; twenty-three of these are passenger ships, and well over 100 ports, many quite obscure. Pelni uses port names rather than city names, its common for multiple nearby ports to be serviced by different Pelni ships, these can be confusing not only to foreigners but also to Indonesians, bookings can be made over the internet or by phone/call center.
Pelni has recently upgraded their customer support, and port terminal upgrades have begun in earnest in the last few years, some complete with cafes and air conditioning while others are simply a desolate dirt road. It is advised to book weeks ahead, especially during holidays, or from remote locations like Papua where the next ship may be in 2 weeks to a month, beware visa expiration in the mean time. Urban locations should have more frequent departures
There are three main harbours in Kalimantan, those are Semayang Harbour of Balikpapan, Tri Sakti Harbour of Banjarmasin and Pontianak Harbour called Dwikora harbour. Balikpapan is a seaport city and a main harbour on the east coast of the island of Borneo as gateway of East Kalimantan. Banjarmasin harbour is located on the River of Barito and to be the main harbour in the south of Kalimantan and also gateaway of South and Kalimantan. It is connected to the main horbour within Indonesia and other horbours within Kalimantan.
It takes 10 hrs – 420 km distance, conected between Kuching (Malaysian side) and Pontianak(Indonesian side) Entikong and Tebedu are the border town in the two between. There are a lot of bus going to Pontianak from Kuching (Malaysian Borneo) The cost for the fare would vary, depending on your preferences. While if you want a more comfortable ride you can opt to get the Super Executive Class for a larger leg space.
There are buses in the morning and in the evening. In evenings the journey from Pontianak usually starts around 9.00 PM, with all buses traveling in convoy, the journey is comfortable as drivers are driving moderately. Reaching the border check-points between 4.00 – 6.00 AM WIB (with one or two rest stops in between) just as the checkpoints open their gate.
The journey from checkpoints to Kuching is another 2 hours at moderate driving, reaching Kuching regional bus terminal at 7.00 – 9.00 AM (1 hour ahead of Western Indonesian Time).Buses from Kuching regional bus terminal to Pontianak leave on two schedules, Economy class leaves at 7.00 AM and 1 PM Malaysian Standard Time, while Super Executive class leaves at 11.00 AM Malaysian Standard Time.